Glaucoma Diagnosis and Treatment at Yardley Eye Care
Glaucoma is linked with pressure within the eye that affects the optic nerve, damaging it over time. Glaucoma tends to be hereditary. If you have a relative who had this problem, you are more likely to suffer from glaucoma later in life.
Contact Your Yardley Optometrist For Expert Optometry in Yardley
The development of pressure in the eye is referred to as intraocular pressure. Your Yardley optometrist can determine if this is occurring. Pressure can damage the optic nerve over time. Since the optic nerve is how signals are images are transmitted to the brain, this increase in pressure can lead to vision impairment if you don't seek optometry services and treatment.
The liquid (aqueous humor) in the front part of your eye essentially does not circulate or drain as it should. Left untreated, glaucoma can eventually lead to total vision loss and blindness.
Glaucoma Causes and Symptoms
Glaucoma typically has few symptoms and no pain. This is why it’s so important to get tested for glaucoma and related conditions by your Yardley optometrist. With regular visits to your doctor of optometry in Yardley, you’ll stay on top of your risk of glaucoma. Symptoms can then be addressed and managed appropriately so that vision loss and blindness can be avoided.
The main causes of glaucoma are as follows:
- Pressure buildup in the eye
- Eye injury
- Blocked blood vessels
- Surgery complication
- Inflammatory conditions
The most common glaucoma type is open-angle, also called wide-angle glaucoma. Fluid is not flowing out of the eye from the trabecular meshwork, or draining structure. A less common glaucoma type is angle-closure glaucoma and caused by a too-severe angle between the eye’s iris and cornea. This condition is also linked with cataracts and farsightedness.
Just about anyone can get glaucoma, but it is more common in the following:
- Persons over 40
- Those with a family history
- Eye trauma victims
- Have existing vision problems
- Have diabetes
- Take steroidal medications
- Persons of African-American, Scandinavian, Irish, Hispanic, Russian, Japanese or Inuit heritage
Loss of peripheral vision is one of the first indicators of this issue. Additional symptoms can include:
- Chronic headaches
- Eye pain
- Blurry vision
- Seeing brightness/halos
- Tunnel vision
Glaucoma tests include checking the optic nerve and tonometry to assess the pressure level in the eye. A visual field test and dilating the pupils with eye drops may be required to make a full assessment. The testing is painless and can yield great insights into eye health and glaucoma risk.
Glaucoma treatment and management can include:
- Prescription eye drops
- Laser surgery
- Trabeculoplasty or Iridotomy (to open the drainage area)
- Cyclophotocoagulation (addresses the middle layer of the eye and reduce fluid production)
If you suspect you are at risk for glaucoma, it is very important to have regular eye exams to watch for the signs and symptoms. Contact us to schedule an exam with your Yardley optometrist today at %CLIENT_PHONE%.